Steel Management

Tzu-Wen Chiang

「steel frame high rise」的圖片搜尋結果

Steel is the major material used in construction, according to research it cost 9-10% of structure, and 14-16% of whole construction price in average (Edzarenski, 2016). With this in mind, the fluctuation in the price of steel will cause a high uncertainty and may cause big impact on the construction. In a project with a variable like this, both client and contractor wanted to prevent themselves increasing financial input to the project (Winch, 2010). The client wanted to gain benefit by constructing a building with low price and good quality; on the other hand, the contractor asks for much more money during high uncertainty.

Our goal is to control the project in an appropriate price and also prevent further possible problems. The market should be fully researched since the beginning of the project to reduce uncertainty. That also including understanding of the market and the price of materials. In cases where prices differ through the project period, design and build contracts will be a good choice. The reason is that a design build (DB) contract “provides a design solution with high construability” (Eriksson, P.E. & Westerberg, M., 2011) and “provide flexibility for changes during construction” (Gordon,1994). The project will be design with preventing later problem for the contractor themselves, and is also changeable throughout the project when there is a difficulty with the price.

During the tendering phase, normally the contractor included the price of steel fluctuation when tendering. Manager should also be able to spot supplier that have price that is really off from the estimation. But there will also be a situation where the price difference is often more than the estimated. Contractor could face situation like bankrupt. The project could also be over schedule or quality is given up in order to decrease the price. To prevent the project from going towards a chaos because of the prices of raw material, the problem should be resolved before and during the contracting period.

During the contract designing period, hard and soft skills could be used to resolve this. A flexible contract or an Incentive contract (Winch, 2010) could make sure that the price is relevant for building the project. A possible method will be to setting up a standard price in the contractor, and a maximum price. When the prices are stable, the payment from the client stays the same as in the contract. In cases where the price goes above the standard, contractor could claim their lose within the period (for example price within a month). With a method to calculate price difference stated in the contract it insures the interest and fairness for both parties, with similar responsibility for both parties (Winch, 2010). This should be discussed and fully communicated by both before signing the contract, which make both client and contractor feel safe and lead to develop a better relationship with trust. It will improve the integrity trust (Zaghloul. R & Hartman, F ,2003), because the interest of both parties is looked after.




  1. Winch, G. M. (2010). Chapter 5; Forming the Project Coalition. In: Managing Construction Projects; An information Processing Approach. West Sussex, UK: John Wiley & Sons.
  2. Eriksson, P. E., & Pesämaa, O. (2007). Modelling procurement effects on cooperation
  3. Zaghloul, R., & Hartman, F. (2003). Construction contracts: the cost of mistrust. International Journal of Project Management, 21, 419 – 424.
  4. Gordon, C. M. (1994). Choosing appropriate construction contracting method.
  5. How Much Does A Steel Cost Increase Affect Construction? (2017, June 18). Retrieved October 06, 2017, from


Reflected by: Niels Franssen & Charitini Kougea


2 thoughts on “Steel Management

  1. Hello Alice,

    First of all I think the topic is very interesting. For me the fluctuation in material price during a construction project was never a topic I really thought about, so reading this blogpost was very interesting. However, while the problem was fairly clear the solution is not as clear. The part about the contractor being able to claim his losses during a period is unclear. What if the prices goes down after he claims his losses? Does the project continue or is it cancelled altogether? Wouldn’t agreeing on a price beforehand be easier?
    Also try not to introduce a new topic in the end. You talk about the integrity of trust in the last phrase which is a new element to the blog post!

    Like I said, the topic is very interesting. The solution is somewhat unclear, but I understand the general idea of setting a price zone and a maximum price and I think it’s a good solution.

    I hope my feedback is useful!

    Jeremie Oudot


  2. The last paragraph, where you mentioned hard and soft skills and types of contracts, I think that should be the body of you blog post. If you elaborated more about this ( really explain why they should use soft or hard skills, or why they should choose a specific type of contract) then the literature would have been more incorporated, instead of only summing up the literature. After saying this, I think there is no conclusion, there is no clear answer to the problem stated in the introduction. Also, I think that the post is missing your own opinion about this. How would you have managed this problem?

    Overall, I think the subject of your blog is very interesting, and you did use some of the literature, but like I said, incorporate your own opinion more!


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